The proliferation of 3D printing technologies has grown to such an extent in recent times that they have encompassed applications in a diverse range of industries comprising automotive, aerospace, high tech and medical products, to name a few. Organizations have taken to adopting these technologies because of the prototyping opportunities they offer, with their long-term goals including enhancing new product development and reducing time-to-market. Equity research analysts have forecast the market for 3D printing at about US$21 billion by 2020 primarily being fueled by advancements in technology. These include an increasing capability of 3D printers in processing huge volumes of data and growth in the variety of materials ideal for 3D printing. Plastic material suppliers have also played a significant part in supporting the market for 3D printing through capacity expansions, new product development and entering into strategic alliances.
The market for high-performance plastics (HPPs) is set to get bolstered by materials for 3D printing. With the progression of 3D printing from prototyping to manufacturing, the growth in metals and high-performance polymers is slated to outpace al other categories of materials, with HPP feedstocks for 3D printing likely to reach a value of several hundred million dollars. HPPs are lightweight materials that are strong and resilient enough to function as alternatives to advanced metal, ceramic and other composite parts that have been used traditionally. In particularly, the fused deposition modelling (FDM) and fused filament fabrication (FFF) segments of 3D printing offer an enormous potential for high growth of the market for high-performance plastics. These high-quality plastics have now become ubiquitous across a broad range of industries, prominent among which are the aerospace, automotive and medical sectors.
Aerospace Market among the Pioneers in Using 3D Printing for Series Production with HPPs
High-performance plastics, such as polyetherimide (PEI) and polyetherketone (PEEK) have penetrated the 3D printing materials in the fields of aerospace, medical and automotive. Polyetherimide (PEI) (ULTEM from SABIC) is currently the material of choice in aerospace applications. Stratasys Ltd is a leading 3D printer manufacturer using FDM technology. The company has collaborated with Airbus for developing 3D printing process and technologies for producing aircraft components using SABIC’s ULTEM polyetherimide (PEI) resins. Recently, in July 2017, Airbus has selected Stratasys Direct Manufacturing, a subsidiary of Stratasys Ltd., to produce 3D printed polymer parts for use on A350 XWB aircraft. Stratasys Direct Manufacturing will now mass produce non-structural parts, such as brackets and other parts used for system installation using Stratasys FDM production 3D Printers and ULTEM™ 9085 PEI resin from SABIC.
Polyetherimide/Polycarbonate (PEI/PC) polymer blends have made their debut in the International Space Stations’ in-space manufacturing operations recently. Made In Space, Inc., has produced an object from blends of PEI/PC at their additive manufacturing facility (AMF) on the International Space Station (ISS). Founded in 2010, Made In Space, Inc. is the in-space manufacturing company engaged in developing state-of-the-art, gravity-independent production of parts for space station using 3D printing/additive manufacturing technology. Additive manufacturing in the commercial aerospace industry employs the blends of this aerospace-grade polymer ULTEM 9085 and ULTEM 1010 (PEI/PC). Use of PEI/PC blends for printing parts in space with AMF would enable the company to potentially deliver cost effective and efficient in-space manufacturing solutions. PEI/PC blends with nearly three-fold the tensile strength of ABS, a high strength-to-weight ratio, and low off-gassing properties has been employed in space on external hardware and satellites.
While PEI is at the forefront among materials used in aerospace 3D printing sector, PEEK is gradually paving its way into this sector. In early 2017, European Space Agency (ESA) started officially testing 3D printed polyetheretherketone (PEEK) CubeSats and has future intentions of flying these 3D printed miniature satellites incorporated with internal electrical lines. For this project, ESA worked together with PIEP, a Portuguese polymer engineering firm and developed a printable PEEK that is electrically conductive with the addition of specific nano-fillers to the materials. By the end of the decade, the first PEEK printed structural part would fly on the Meteosat Third Generation series of weather satellites. Also to be noted is the point that GE Global Research has started exploring ways for 3D printing PEEK for aerospace and other applications with reduced production costs using Roboze One+400 3D printer. Addition of this new printer to the desktop line up would enable GE Global Research to evaluate innovative designs with extreme complexity enabled by 3D printing in areas already using high- performance polymers.
PEEK in 3D Printing for Medical Implants
Polyetherketone (PEEK) based implants, produced using traditional manufacturing technologies, have been widely used in the medical field. Now, PEEK is also penetrating into 3D printing of medical implants. Apium Additive Technologies GmbH, based in Germany, has collaborated with the Center for Dental and Craniofacial Sciences of Charité Berlin to determine the printing performance with PEEK compounds in dental applications. Apium is in the process of fabricating different structures using 3D printer initially to test their tensile strength in comparison to extruded samples, which will be followed by single crown frameworks being manufactured and compared in respect to their quality. Apart from this collaboration, Apium is also endeavouring to develop filaments for medical applications as implant material using Evonik’s high-performance polymer VESTAKEEP® PEEK. Apium will test how this material can be processed with FFF technology to be used as a material for 3D printed implants.
Researchers at the International PEEK Meeting held in April 2017 planned to develop highly customized 3D printed medical and dental implants using polyetheretherketone (PEEK), and a PEEK-compatible FDM 3D printer. The additive manufacturing of medical-grade PEEK revolutionizes the ease, speed and accuracy required for implant production. In addition, the researchers highlighted the use of PEEK composites, such as carbon reinforced PEEK with high fatigue strength and a good elastic modulus for making these devices more robust and the potential of PEEK composite plates for fracture fixation.
3D Printing of Fully Fluorinated Polymers
Leading global fluoropolymer company 3M Dyneon has now commenced using a 3D laboratory printer to expedite the company’s research aimed at the additive manufacturing of fluoropolymer components. Dyneon would employ a new patent-pending technology and use 3D printing for processing fully fluorinated polymers, such as polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE). The stereolithography-based process has been developed by 3M Advanced Materials and allows the printing of fully fluorinated polymers, which is achieved by using a binding agent and the requisite additives, such as fillers that are employed in traditional production for the initial formation of a hydro-gel.
From Plastics to Filaments: Supply Strategies from High-Performance Plastic Producers
Building on their experience in the 3D printing market gained through the supply of high-performance plastics, companies have now shifted focus towards supplying the end product itself, viz., high performance polymer filaments used in 3D printing. These high-performance filaments have become mainstay materials for FDM and FFF applications in the 3D printing industry. SABIC has recently introduced a new line of high performance filament grades for FDM 3D printing. The new filaments encompass ULTEM™AM9085F high performance PEI filament made from ULTEM™ 9085 resin, CYCOLAC™ AMMG94F general purpose ABS filament produced using CYCOLAC™ MG94 resin and LEXAN™ AM1110F general-purpose PC filament based on LEXAN™ HF1110 resin. Another leading polymer producer, DuPont Performance Materials (DPM) released three new high-performance filaments for 3D printing, which are based on Hytrel thermoplastic elastomer, Zytel PA high heat resistant polyamide and Surlyn ethylene copolymer, each of which provide individual functionalities. Instead of just offering high-performance plastics, manufacturers are aiming to make an important contribution to the growth and success of the additive manufacturing (3D printing) industry and penetrating further into the 3D printing value chain.
Partnerships and Acquisitions Take Center Stage as 3D Printing Market Thrives on New Applications and Material Innovation
Companies producing high-performance polymers are not only focusing on material developments, but also on partnerships and acquisitions to grab opportunities in the 3D printing industry. Among them, BASF is aggressively venturing in to 3D printing industry through partnerships and acquisitions. In mid-2017, the chemical conglomerate established a new business unit ‘BASF 3D Printing Solutions GmbH’ at the site of InnovationLab GmbH in Heidelberg, Germany to concentrate on pursuing business opportunities in the field of 3D printing. The new company will develop customized 3D printing materials, system solutions, components and services to meet the ever-changing demand of customers in industries such as automotive, aerospace and consumer goods. BASF 3D Printing Solutions also acquired Innofil3D, a filament producer based in Emmen, The Netherlands. This acquisition further reinforces the 3D business of BASF and enables the company to move ahead in 3D printing value chain, offering the filaments needed in the next processing level for 3D printing in addition to plastic granulate.
BASF has also entered into an alliance with Hewlett Packard (HP) in the recent past for offering new 3D printing materials to customers through the HP Multi Jet Fusion Open Platform. Using this open platform approach, a customer can select a material supplier, such as BASF, for direct engagement in developing materials for specific 3D production applications. BASF is keen that ideas generated from this exchange are integrated for expediting the development a range of innovative materials for enhanced 3D printing products. Apart from BASF, Evonik is also participating in the open development platform for new 3D printing materials that was created by HP Inc. in the USA. Evonik expects that this participation will result in a further wave of development for additive production technologies.
BASF has also partnered with Essentium to develop technologies to provide robust and strong 3D printing functional parts for use in mass production using fused filament fabrication (FFF) technology. To overcome the traditional interlayer weakness of 3D printed parts, BASF contributes with its range of polymer solutions to the partnership, whereas Essentium provides its FlashFuse™ electric welding technology, which enhances layer to layer adhesion of 3D printed parts. Through this partnership, BASF aims to create strong 3D functional parts and make this technology available for wide range of industrial customers.
Industry Experts published a comprehensive global market report on High Performance Plastics titled ‘High Performance Plastics – A Global Market Overview’. This unique report reveals that Asia-Pacific is the largest volume consumer of High Performance Plastics, forecast to be 371.5 thousand metric tons (50.1% share) in 2016, which is also expected to record the fastest 2016-2022 CAGR of 6.8% and reach a projected 550 thousand metric tons by 2022.
High performance plastics are used in applications demanding higher requirements than standard and engineering plastics because of their high strength, good chemical resistance, low coefficient of friction, performance at high temperatures, high quality electrical resistance. Major demand driver for the consumption of high performance plastics is the metal and other low performance materials replacement in demanding applications such as automotive, aerospace, electronics and medical, where high temperature resistance and strength is required. In the automotive & transportation industry including aerospace, growth is supported by metal replacement to reduce weight, while thinner and smaller components in electrical & electronics.
This global report analyzes the high performance plastics comprising Fluoropolymers (PTFE, PVDF, FEP, PCTFE, PFA, PVF, ECTFE and ETFE), High Performance Polyamides (PA 11, PA12, PA 46, PA 9T, PPA and PARA), Sulfone Polymers (PESU, PSU and PPSU), Polyphenylene Sulphide (PPS), Liquid Crystal Polymers (LCP), Polyetherimide (PEI) and Polyetheretherketone (PEEK). The study also analyzes the key end-use sectors of high performance plastics including Automotive & Transportation, Building & Construction, Consumer Goods, Electrical & Electronics, Mechanical/Industrial and Others (such as Medical etc.).
The global markets for the above-mentioned plastic types and end-use sectors are analyzed in terms of volume in metric tons and value in USD for 2012-2022 analysis period. The global market for High Performance Plastics is segmented into four major regions namely, the United States, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World. The regional markets further analyzed for 8 more independent countries across Europe – France, Germany, Italy and the United Kingdom; Asia-Pacific – China, India, Japan and South Korea. The market is analyzed in all of these major regions by key countries and by major end-use sectors in terms of both volume and value. This report also provides the comprehensive market analysis of each High Performance Plastics type by end-use sector. The global market for High Performance Plastics is likely to maintain a moderately faster, compared to volume consumption, CAGR of 6.1% during the same period and reach a projected US$15.9 billion by 2022 from a forecast US$11.15 billion in 2016.
Fluoropolymers are the most widely consumed High Performance Plastics on a global basis, forecast to be 281.6 thousand metric tons (38% share) in 2016, which are anticipated to post the above average growth of 6.1% CAGR between 2016 and 2022 and reach a projected 402 thousand metric tons by 2022. High Performance Polyamides are the second largest high Performance Plastics with an estimated share of 29.3% (217.4 thousand MTs) in 2016 followed by Polyphenylene Sulphide (PPS) with a share of 16.4% (121.3 thousand MTs) in the same year. The report also examines the major global players for their production capacities by product type and location.
This 560 page global high performance plastics market report includes 642 charts (includes a data table and graphical representation for each chart), supported with meaningful and easy to understand graphical presentation, of market numbers. This report profiles 33 key global players and 21 major players across Japan – 4; China – 16; and India – 1. The research also provides the listing of the companies engaged in manufacturing, compounding and processing of high performance plastics. The global list of companies covers the address, contact numbers and the website addresses of 414 companies.
Hyderabad, India based Industry Experts is a multi industry focused business information provider.
For more details, please visit http://industry-experts.com/verticals/chemicals-and-materials/high-performance-plastics-a-global-market-overview
polytetrafluoroethylene, PTFE, global polytetrafluoroethylene market, global PTFE market, granular PTFE, PTFE fine powders, PTFE micronized powders, PTFE aqueous dispersions, PTFE demand, PTFE consump
Industry Experts has today released the new market research report on Polytetrafluoroethylene. The new report ‘Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) – A Global Market Overview’ reveals that Asia-Pacific is estimated to be the largest market with an estimated 2016 consumption of 94k metric tons and the region also projected to be the fastest growing between 2016 and 20222 with a CAGR of 7.3%. The growth of global PTFE demand is mainly attributed to the developing regions such as China, India, rest of Asia and Russia among others, and new innovative products such as micronized powders, modified PTFE and expanded PTFE which will find new applications or replace conventional PTFE in existing applications owing to their improved properties.
Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), a homopolymer of tetrafluoroethylene, is a linear chain polymer of great molecular length, or a “long chain” fluorocarbon, with the chemical formula (CF2CF2)n. PTFE resins have exceptional resistance to high temperatures, chemical reaction, corrosion, and stress-cracking. The mechanical toughness, electrical, and low-friction properties of PTFE make it the plastic of choice for a host of applications and different processing techniques.
PTFE’s vast potential applications in developing world such as China, India, Russia and other emerging countries is a key opportunity for PTFE manufacturers, that would be converted into market demand by new product and application development. Increasing use of novel products like modified PTFE and expanded PTFE in applications such as chemical processing, electrical & electronics, medical devices and filtration is set to increase the global demand for PTFE in the coming years. Micronized PTFE is estimated to be the fastest growing product form owing to the increasing usage in applications including thermoplastics, lubricants and inks.
Global market for Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) has reached 165 thousand metric tons in 2015 and is projected to reach 247 thousand metric tons by 2022 at a CAGR of 5.6% between 2016 and 2022. In regard to the market value, global demand for PTFE is projected to touch US$2.9 billion by 2022. In terms of PTFE product form, granular PTFE molding resin dominates the global volume consumption of PTFE, estimated at 76 thousand metric tons (46.1% share) in 2015. PTFE micronized powders segment is slated to witness the fastest CAGR of 7.3% during the analysis period to reach a projected 34 thousand metric tons by 2022.
Worldwide market for PTFE product forms explored in this study includes Granular PTFE, PTFE Fine Powders, PTFE Micronized Powders and PTFE Aqueous Dispersions. The report also analyzes the key end-use sectors of PTFE comprising Chemical Processing, Electricals & Electronics, Mechanical/Industrial, Automotive & Transportation, Building & Construction and Other Sectors including such as Medical and Textiles etc. The global markets for the above mentioned product forms, end-use sectors are analyzed in terms of volume in metric tons and value in USD.
The report reviews, analyses and projects the Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) market for the period 2012-2022 globally and the regional markets including North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World. The regional markets further analyzed for 12 independent countries across North America – The United States, Canada and Mexico; Europe – France, Germany, Italy, Russia and the United Kingdom; and Asia-Pacific – China, Japan, India and South Korea.
This global PTFE market report includes 244 charts (includes a data table and graphical representation for each chart), supported with meaningful and easy to understand graphical presentation, of market numbers. This report profiles 12 key global players and 25 major players across North America – 3; Europe – 5; and Asia-Pacific – 17. The research also provides the listing of the companies engaged in manufacturing, processing and compounding of PTFE. The global list of companies covers the address, contact numbers and the website addresses of 108 companies.
Hyderabad, India based Industry Experts is a multi industry focused business information provider.
For more details, please visit http://industry-experts.com/verticals/chemicals-and-materials/polytetrafluoroethylene-ptfe-a-global-market-overview
Industry Experts introduced the new market research report ‘Bisphenol-A – A Global Market Overview’. The new report reveals that the market for Epoxy Resins application of bisphenol-A is projected to witness the fastest growth during the analysis period 2016-2022 with a CAGR of 5.7% and to reach US$7.3 billion by 2022 from an estimated US$5.2 billion in 2016. The application is also expected to register the fastest growth in terms of volume consumption at a CAGR of 5.1% during the same period to reach 3.5 million metric tons by 2022.
Global consumption of bisphenol-A (BPA) is being spurred by a stable growth in demand from emerging markets, with China, India, Mexico and Russia expected to witness above average growth prospects. Coupled with this trend is a growing demand for the compound in its two major application areas, viz., epoxy resins and polycarbonates. Prospects for future demand for BPA are likely to be bolstered by the growing utilization of this chemical in rotor blade composites that find application in windmills. Wind energy has been garnering widespread global attention as an eco-friendly option in the energy mix and requires the use of strong and resilient wind turbine rotor blades that are reinforced using epoxy resins.
On another note, the use of BPA in food and beverage applications is being vigorously scrutinized, with several studies undertaken indicating a close association between the industrial chemical and adverse health effects, including cancer. Increasing pressure from the media, environmental activists and concerned public in regard to gradually phasing out bisphenol-A from food and beverage applications has forced governments across the globe to take corrective actions. A number of countries, such as some in the European Union, the United States and Canada, have prohibited the use of BPA in baby feeding bottles and many more are set to follow suit.
Notwithstanding the controversy surrounding BPA’s toxic effects in food and beverage applications, demand for the chemical is not likely to undergo any drastic change in the foreseeable future. This can be attributed to a softer stance adopted by global regulatory agencies that are biding time in an endeavor to provide ample opportunity to manufacturers of packaging materials to develop alternative solutions to BPA that can enable in resolving the issue. Another factor is that food and beverage packaging materials account for only about 3-4% of the global consumption of polycarbonates and even if the use of BPA is completely discontinued in this area, the chemical will continue to be in demand in other categories of polycarbonates.
Global market for Bisphenol-A applications analyzed in this study include Epoxy Resins, Polycarbonates and Other Applications. The global markets for the above mentioned application areas are analyzed in terms of both in metric tons and USD. Global volume consumption of Bisphenol-A, estimated at 7.7 million metric tons in 2015 and forecast to be 8 million metric tons in 2016, is projected to reach 10.6 million metric tons by 2022 at a CAGR of 4.8% between 2016 and 2022. In terms of value, global demand for Bisphenol-A is likely to register a faster CAGR of 5.4% over the same period and reach a projected US$22.5 billion by 2022 from an estimated US$15.6 billion in 2015 and a forecast US$16.4 billion in 2016.
This report reviews, analyses and projects the bisphenol-A market for the period 2012-2022 globally and the regional markets including North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World. The regional markets further analyzed for 12 independent countries across North America – The United States, Canada and Mexico; Europe – France, Germany, Italy, Russia and the United Kingdom; and Asia-Pacific – China, India, Japan and South Korea.
This 194 page global market research report includes 146 charts (includes a data table and graphical representation for each chart), supported with meaningful and easy to understand graphical presentation, of market numbers. This report profiles 11 key global players and 26 major players across North America – 5; Europe – 3; Asia-Pacific – 16; and Rest of World – 2. The research also provides the listing of the companies engaged in manufacturing and supply of Bisphenol-A. The global list of companies covers the address, contact numbers and the website addresses of 74 companies.
Hyderabad, India based Industry Experts is a multi industry focused business information provider.
For more details, please visit http://industry-experts.com/verticals/chemicals-and-materials/bisphenol-a-a-global-market-overview
The WordPress.com stats helper monkeys prepared a 2015 annual report for this blog.
Here’s an excerpt:
A San Francisco cable car holds 60 people. This blog was viewed about 270 times in 2015. If it were a cable car, it would take about 5 trips to carry that many people.
Industry Experts has today introduced the new market research report on mining chemicals. The new report ‘Mining Chemicals – A Global Market Overview’ reveals that Asia-Pacific is estimated the largest market with US$7.8 billion in 2015 and also expected to be the fastest growing market with a robust CAGR of 7.6% during 2014-2020 while Latin America closely follows with a CAGR of 7% for the same period.
Worldwide market for mining chemical types explored in this study includes Collectors, Flocculants, Flotation Chemicals/Frothers, Grinding Aids, Solvent Extractants and Others. The report also discusses the application areas of mining chemicals comprising Explosives & Drilling, Mineral Processing, Water & Wastewater Treatment and Other Applications. The global markets for the above mentioned chemicals types and application areas are analyzed in terms of USD. Global market for mining chemicals, estimated at US$21.8 billion in 2015, forecast at US$23.2 billion in 2016 and further expected to maintain a CAGR of 6.6% between 2014 and 2020 to reach a projected US$30.1 billion by 2020.
The report reviews, analyses and projects the mining chemicals market for the period 2010-2020 globally and the regional markets including North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America and Middle East & Africa. The regional markets further analyzed for 14 independent countries across North America – The United States, Canada and Mexico; Europe – Germany, Spain, Russia and Ukraine; Asia-Pacific – Australia, China and India; Latin America – Argentina,Brazil and Chile; and Middle East & Africa – South Africa.
Soaring demand for power and desire for greater energy self sufficiency, countries such as China are now investing in alternative source of energy. China, with abundant coal reserves is now leading the way in coal gasification technologies. Also in other parts of the world, rising energy prices have forced to search for alternative sources, such as the United States with the exploitation of shale gas. The gasification process involves the gasification of coal or natural gas to produce a variety of fuels such as diesel and gasoline or chemicals such as ammonia or methanol. This growing need for alternate energy sources is increasing demand for industrial and specialty gases such as oxygen and nitrogen. China is increasingly using coal to produce syngas, which is used as a fuel additive in gasoline.
China has already planned to build around fifty coal gasification plants in north-western parts of the country. Among 50 plants planned, 80% of the plants are planned in northwest China, in the provinces of Xinjiang, western Inner Mongolia, Ningxia and Gansu. In mid of 2012, Praxair China has started up a large air separation plant, with a capacity of three thousand tons per day, in Wuwei, Anhui province to supply oxygen, nitrogen, and clean air to the coal gasification and other coal based chemicals project of Anhui HuaYi Chemical Co., Ltd. Earlier in 2011, Air Products and Chemicals has started building an air separation unit and integrated liquefier in the Nanjing Chemicals Industrial Park in Nanjing, China. Air Products has won a long-term contract to supply oxygen and nitrogen to Wison (Nanjing) Clean Energy Ltd., Inc.’s coal to syngas gasification facility in Nanjing.
In the year 2012, Linde Greater China, a subsidiary of The Linde Group, has started its first coal gasification project by signing an agreement with Dahua Group to establish a joint venture to operate and manage the gasification facilities in Songmu Island, Dalian. According to Prof. Dr Aldo Belloni, of Linde AG “Coal gasification provides significant economic and environmental benefits which can help meet the growing demand for clean energy nowadays.” Another industrial, medical and specialty gases industry leader, Air Liquide, also won a contract from Fujian Shenyuan New Materials Company to supply industrial gases for its caprolactam production project in 2013 and is expected to be commissioned by 2016. Air Liquide’s planned industrial gases complex include an air separation unit with a capacity of 2,000 tons per day of oxygen, a gasification unit, a purification unit of synthesis gas and an ammonia plant to supply hydrogen, nitrogen and ammonia.
Large-scale gasification plants and the oxygen-based gas-to-liquids, coal-to-liquids and coal-to-chemicals plants consume enormous quantities of oxygen. Certainly, coal gasification is one of the main drivers that create significant demand for industrial and specialty gases. According to ‘Industry Experts’, a global market research company, Chinese industrial, medical and specialty gases market is one of the fastest growing market in Asia-Pacific region with an estimated compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of 10.8% between 2014 and 2020 to reach a market value of US$11.4 billion by 2020.